What is linen? Do you know enough about linen? Linen is not a rare material around us but to know about it thoroughly, not many people can do so. We see linen everywhere in our daily life, from a tablecloth to even some clothes you might be wearing. In this article, we will show everything you need to know about linen.  

The guide will begin with the simple definition of linen and distinguish the difference between linen and cotton. Next, we will find out how the linen is made, step-by-step, very easy to understand. After that, the article will show you how many types of linen there are on the market and lastly, some real applications of linen in our life. Let’s get started!

What is Linen? – Is Linen Different From Cotton?

Linen is a kind of fabric derived from natural fibers grown vastly in many regions on Earth. In fact, Linen is durable, breathable, and really soft. Fun fact: Linen will get softer if you wash it more often. Just like linen, cotton has the same characteristics. 


There is 1 thing in common between linen and cotton, which is they are both derived from natural materials. However, the fact is linen and cotton thrive from different materials so the softness, texture, durability, or absorbency are different. Cotton is more breathable and softer than linen. 

People in ancient Egypt used linen to wrap the mummies’ bodies because of their durability. Nowadays, people use linen to produce pillows, tablecloths, rugs, … Sometimes, it’s mixed with cotton to create a paper-like substance to produce something like the Dollar bill.  

Read more: Why linen is going to fit your home the best?

How Linen is Made? 

The main natural fiber that creates linen is flax fiber. Flax fiber was cultivated and extracted into fibers 6000 years ago. In the past, people need to pull them by hand or cut it and remove the plant stock from fibers. There is a process to do them but it’s hard to demonstrate in a few sentences. Now, just imagine that we have those about 20-centimeter long fibers or maybe at any length we want, we can now weave them into fabrics. 

In order for you to understand deeply about how linen is made, I found this video on Youtube that demonstrates clearly how linen is made in factories and farms: 

How Many Types of Linen Are There You Should Know? 

There are 5 types of linen I want to mention here, named by the way it’s used as a component to create other products: 

  • Plain-woven: This is the most commonly used type of linen fabric. One special characteristic of this type is checkered or striped patterns of red or blue or red and blue. This type better suits cleaning purposes because it has a loose weave, which makes it easier to absorb liquid. 
  • Loosely-woven: This type is designed to be highly absorbent. Therefore, they are often used in products that require high absorbencies like diapers or sanitary towels. There are 2 famous varieties of this type: The Bird’s Eye linen (loose weaves create small patterns that look like a bird’s eye) & The Huckaback linen fabric (pure linen or the blend of linen and cotton). 



  • Damask: This type of linen is a mix of plain and satin weaves. Moreover, this type of fabric has a tight texture which creates a smooth surface. Despite the texture, Damask linen has a certain level of absorbency which is enough to manufacture linen napkins. Moreover, it’s used to produce tablecloths or table runners. One variation of Damask is called “Venis linen fabric”, which also has a fine texture.
  • Sheeting: This is a type of fabric that can be used to make sheets like bed sheets, table sheets, … It’s also suitable for suits, dresses, or other kinds of clothing that use linen. 
  • Toweling: This is the name of linen used to produce towels. With different sizes and using purposes, there are many types of towels that people manufactured differently to satisfy the customers’ demands.

Reference: Linen Fabric Types – Linen Beauty 

What Are The Uses Of Linen?


So, how do people utilize the use of linen fabric? Here is the answer: 

  • Used to make household items: Linen is always the first choice when it comes to buying household textiles. Why? Because of its durability and practicality. You can find linen fabric in towels, bedsheets, slipcovers, … & for practicality, you may have used a lot of linen napkins, tablecloths, runners, …
  • Improve your health: There are ideas that you should use linen-based products for your bed like pillows, sheets, or blankets as linen is good at bringing better sensation and comfort. On the other hand, linen products are varied in colors and patterns that can satisfy most of our demands. 

Reference: The Uses of Linen Fabric – Linenme  

A Few Final Words

In conclusion, I hope that this article has brought you some really useful information about linen. Is there anything I miss while writing about linen? Please let me know in the common section right below or contact me via email here! Thanks for visiting GreenHouseCenter.net!


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