When we think about paint it’s usually in the realm of which color suits our bedroom or which shade matches the couch. It’s easy to skip over the whole manufacturing process, but if you stop and think it’s quite an amazing achievement to have a substance that can take on any color and shade imaginable, while requiring a complicated chemical reaction to turn from liquid in the can to solid on the wall.
Darker paints are used primarily as accents around the home. Because they make rooms seem smaller and therefore more cramped, dark hues tend to be saved for the finishing touches, a set of cabinets or one wall of a bedroom perhaps. They are starting to become more common due to their cozier nature compared to light colors, but how are they actually made, and what uses does dark paint have? Let’s dive in to understand dark paint and its uses.
Without going too deep into the history of paint, basically all paints are made up of binders (typically resin or synthetic plastic), solvents (usually water) and pigments. Now, pigments are what give the paint its color, and manufacturers can manipulate these pigments by adding to them to darken or lighten. There are a couple of different ways to make dark colors.
Metal compounds are usually used to make color. Titanium Dioxide is normally there, pastel colors will contain a lot of this, whereas dark colors will have less. Black is made from carbon particles that can be added to the compounds of other colors to create darker shades. Pigments are the building blocks of color and you can make anything you want from them.
For the manufacturing stage that takes place in the factory, the chosen pigment is ground to powder and mixed with the binder to, shockingly, bind the pigment to something liquid. Then it’s a case of just add water (or oil if that’s the solvent) and away you go.
The mixture will be poured into a sand mill, where the sand particles do their job of exciting the pigments and spreading them around the mixture evenly. Once it’s ready a sample will be sent for approval before the batch is sent out so that it matches the buyers and consumers expectations. Some household paints will be sent to a dispersing tank that serves the same purpose as the mill.
Sometimes the pigment will be roasted to make it darker once it is combined with the solvent and binder. That’s the key to a good dark shade before it is tinned and checked. Rigorous quality control checks will then take place to ensure the paint is ready to be shipped.
The paint manufacturing business is actually an interesting and complex process. So much precision engineering goes into providing homes and businesses with quality, consistent color. Dark paint shades are a growing trend in home design with a softer tone available with pigment experimentation. Give a few a try in the kitchen or bedroom where you will benefit most from their smoother finishes.